Make an essay plan
Once you have a clear thesis statement and a rough structure, you are ready to make an essay plan. This is a more detailed breakdown of your essay that helps guide you as you write. You can use the essay plan document on this page to help set out your ideas.
Another important element of structuring your essay is determining the number of points you will make. Typically, an essay might have 2-4 main points, and then have several paragraphs devoted to persuading the reader of each of those larger points. It is important to plan this larger structure first, before you start composing individual paragraphs. Given the word length, estimate how many paragraphs you might devote to each of your larger points. Keep in mind that each paragraph contains one main idea and is around 150 to 200 words long.
Most essay word limits in undergraduate humanities, arts and social science courses are between 1000 and 4000 words. Longer essays can benefit from clearly defined sections with headings, though structuring and formatting conventions may differ between disciplines. It is important to check the course requirements.