There are a number of different referencing systems or styles in use at ANU. Regardless of the style, there are two parts to referencing:
Citations and references are not included as part of the word count (unless otherwise indicated).
Two main approaches
The two main approaches to referencing are footnotes (or endnotes) and author-date. Both these approaches have the citation and reference parts described above.
Footnotes where numbers (slightly above the line) are inserted in your text at the end of a sentence or immediately following a direct or indirect quotation. The information about the source of each numbered reference is given at the bottom of each page of your text followed by a complete bibliographic list at the end of the paper.
Author-date where all references are cited in the body of your text. The references are brief (surname, year of publication, page number) and the full citation is listed in alphabetical order at the end of the paper.
Examples of using each to these two approaches is given on the author-date and footnote pages. More detailed and specific guidelines for particular style are given in style guides.