Artwork title: 'Collision'
The production of this artwork was based on Dr Ntina Tzouvala’s research and reflection regarding the biased, contradictory nature of defining “civilisation”.
In her book, Capitalism As Civilisation: A History of International Law, Dr Tzouvala argues that a “pervasive ‘logic of improvement’” subjected to non-Western politics by capitalism in order for them to reach a civilised state by embracing capitalist modernity through extensive reformation contradicts with an “insistent logic of biology” due to immutable difference between cultures.
Thus the concept of “civilisation” oscillates between two poles making the definition of “civilisation” a social/cultural conundrum. I drew inspiration from and would like to investigate in my work the contradiction mentioned and how such bias can be encapsulated and visualized within one digital drawing for the audience to contemplate. The focus of this project is to unveil the collision of cultures and the consequences of capitalist reformation and develop an aesthetic response based on these subjects through visual representation in a semi-abstract manner. I decided to adopt a style that combines both detailed illustration and abstract imageries in terms of representation
Artist: Bingxin Hu
Bingxin Hu was born in China in 1999, with a current specialisation in digital illustration and animation. Bingxin is an artist interested in both traditional and digital art making and the flexible incorporation of both types of media using digital softwares. As an artist, Bingxin has explored in her artworks subjects including but not limited to nature, the investigation of life and death and self-exploration. Upon the completion of her Bachelor of Visual Arts at ANU, Bingxin sought to further improve her multi-media art practice and is currently completing her Master of Animation and Visualisation at University of Technology Sydney.
Dr Ntina Tzouvala
Dr Ntina Tzouvala is a Senior Lecturer at the ANU College of Law. Her work focuses on the history and theory of international law. She is particularly interested in the intersections between law, imperialism and capitalism. Her first monograph, Capitalism as Civilisation: A History of International Law, interrogated 'civilisation' and its continuing (if unacknowledged) importance for the field.
Despite law's egalitarian pretences, Ntina argued that international law continues to divide political communities according to their presumed levels of 'civilisation' and grant them varying degrees of rights and duties. In Capitalism As Civilisation: A History of International Law, the basis for this artwork, Ntina argues that the decline of the explicit usages of the word 'civilisation' should not be treated as definitive. Rather, lawyers as well as everyone else who engages with international law should be aware of the survival of 'civilisational' arguments in the discipline. More broadly, Ntina's work seeks to understand better the 'dark sides' of her discipline and figure out to what extent law is complicit in injustice, especially in (settler) colonial contexts.
Artwork Title: 'Dr Philippa Ryan (Portrait)'
Dr Philippa Ryan is a barrister and associate professor in the College of Law at the ANU. Esteemed titles such as ‘chair’, ‘director’, ‘founder’ and ‘author’ pepper her long resume. Yet, it is perhaps the term Blockchain which appears most frequently in any description of Dr Ryan’s work. Alongside investigating the automation of trust and accountability of algorithms, Dr Ryan has addressed the UN and so far published two seminal texts on the relationships between cutting edge digital technologies, economics, and trust.
In order to visualise both the diversity of Dr Ryan’s career, and the complexities within her field of research - Blockchain, photomontage has been used to present a snapshot of her critical thinking and discoveries. Using archival imagery spanning her career, as well as pictures made by the artist, the work aims to not feature any single image, but though collage reflect the interconnectedness and multifariousness necessary for success.
Artist: Kate Matthews
Kate Matthews is an Australian photo-media artist. Through photomontage she investigates the pluralities and intricacies of her subject; commonly public spaces, but also documentary works such as this montage portrait of Dr Philippa Ryan. She has exhibited her photographic works nationally, was the recipient of three EASS prizes in the 2019 Graduating Class of the ANU School of Art and Design, and was recently commissioned by the Legislative Assembly to make an installation here in Canberra.
Dr Phillippa Ryan
Dr Philippa Ryan is a barrister and associate professor in the College of Law at the ANU. EsteeDr Philippa Ryan is a barrister and legal academic. Her PhD explored breach of trust and fraud. It focused on the liability of third parties and strangers who interfere with trust monies or who make an unauthorised gain from meddling in the business of others, particularly where their arrangements import a relationship of trust.
This research led her to blockchain technology, which purports to enable "trustless relationships". When Dr Ryan first investigated "trustless relationships" (back in 2015), she assumed that this term meant an absence of trust. However, this was wrong. Blockchain technology is cleverer than that. What it enables is trustworthiness between strangers, without the need for a clearing house, financial intermediary, or other expensive third party. At this time, Dr Ryan is particularly interested in smart contracts and the use of blockchain technology to automate remittances and transactions. In her role as chair of the Standards Australia Blockchain Technical Committee's Smart Contracts Working Group, She has led authorship of the International Standards Organisation's technical specification for smart contracts.
This work is the product of contributions from more than 60 experts from 20 countries. They have spent the past three years reconciling global contracting conventions and programmable applications to ensure that smart contracts can be used anywhere world to being certainty and confidence to online exchanges between strangers. The most exciting use is the production and sharing of micro-grid solar power in developed and developing economies, as a way, to tackle climate change and to improve supply resilience.
OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE: SMART CONTRACTS IN E-COMMERCE by Philippa Ryan, Technology Innovation Management Review (2017). https://timreview.ca/article/1110
E-BOOK: TRUST AND DISTRUST IN DIGITAL ECONOMIES by Philippa Ryan (Routledge, 2019). https://www.routledge.com/Trust-and-Distrust-in-Digital-Economies/Ryan/p/book/9781138477483
Artwork title: 'Coming Soon'
In collaboration with Dr Faith Gordon, Coming Soonthis mural explores the negative stereotypes associated with children and young people as a result of their representation in the media. As a Graphic Illustrator, my mediums predominantly include photoshop, illustrator and procreate on the iPad. Using these methods I endeavoured to create a series of poster “personalities” within the mural to clearly define and explore the various stereotypes denoted with children and young people.
Presenting the characters with vibrant and outrageous colours, intending to both visually captivate the audience, while simultaneously using ridiculous colour to emphasise the absurdity of the stereotypes. Working alongside Dr Faith Gordon, I endeavoured to represent her research in a thoughtful, respectable and appropriate manner. Harnessing artistic themes from her hometown in Northern Ireland, I aimed to maintain a link between the traditional concept of a mural with the space with which we were given.
Artist: Georgie Kamvissis
Georgie Kamvissis is currently studying a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Design at ANU. She began working for the ANU publication Woroni in 2018, where she discovered her passion for graphic design and illustration.
After her exhibition “Little People” early last year at The Front in Lyneham, she has continued to explore different aspects of design through various freelance and contract work. Georgie enjoys illustrating people as she feels as though the audience can relate to them. She enjoys using vibrant colours in her works in order to evoke positive feelings and captivate her audience.
Dr Faith Gordon
Dr. Faith Gordon (FRSA, FHEA, PhD, MSSc, PGCert, LL.B., LNEA), is a Senior Lecturer at the ANU College of Law. Faith established and is the Director of the Interdisciplinary Youth Justice Network; an Associate Research Fellow at the Information Law & Policy Centre, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London and a Senior Visiting Research Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Democracy, University of Westminster..
Faith regularly submits research and policy responses to organisations such as the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child; Department of Justice; IMPRESS; UK Government; N. Ireland Office; Scottish Government. Her research has fed into key discussions on the development of journalism education; the drafting of new UK regulatory guidelines for the media (IMPRESS) and called for revisions to existing guidelines (IPSO), which have been revised in light of her research on UK journalists’ use of children’s social media content without consent.
She also regularly works with legal practitioners to integrate the evidence-base of a decade’s worth of her research into their legal submissions for Judicial Review cases on police release of images of children (pre-charge and post-charge), with specific emphasis on the digital age. Faith’s research was referenced by the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child, at the examination of the UK Government’s child rights record (2015); in Judicial Review hearings at the Northern Ireland High Court (2016; 2017) and most recently, in the UK Court of Appeal (2019).