Types of resume

Resumes must contain a number of elements that allow an employer to make an assessment of your suitability for a role within the organisation. Whatever the type of resume you use, the application process is about aligning what you bring to a role and organisation to what the employer in looking for in applicants.

Mixed chronological/skills-based resume

The mixed chronological/skills-based resume presents relevant information in reverse chronological order, and emphasises transferable skills. Placing a number of elements of your resume in reverse chronological order presents the most recent information first: besides the fact that most recent experience is likely to be most relevant, it also provides an insight into most recent and therefore, most practiced skill development.

Emphasising transferable skills allows you to present your skills that are most relevant to the position. Presenting transferable skills from a wide range of experiences may show employers that you are able to meet the requirements of the position on offer in the relative absence of direct experience. It is a common format that the Careers Centre often suggests students use.

Academic resumes

Academic resumes focus on research and teaching experience. Academic resumes need to emphasise how you can meet the challenges within an academic position at a particular university (there are differences!) or other research & teaching environment.

The academic resume focuses more on content. For example, you would certainly state your research interests, as well as thesis topics, with a short explanation and how these relate to the position offered. You also need to include a list of your publications, as well as conferences attended, your teaching philosophy and examples of subjects / subject areas taught.

Being an academic or working in a research environment means more than doing research or teaching. Besides focusing on research and teaching, include other relevant skills and experiences.

Creative resumes

Certain industries and occupations centre on creative expression. Whilst content is still important, you can use your resume within this context as a vehicle to showcase your artistic creativity. Rather than taking a 'less is more' approach like in other resume formats, you might present for example, an ePortfolio, a multimedia presentation or website. Although there is risk involved in offering an unconventional resume, it may give you a competitive edge.