There are a number of types of interview you may be invited for. Knowing what to expect will help you be ready, so if not offered, ask information about the format of your interview when you are invited!
A one-to-one interview takes place between the candidate and one interviewer. It may be a formal office-based interview or a more informal 'casual chat' in a café. Either way, Even though the 'casual chat' may indeed be more informal, present yourself professionally.
A panel consists of a number of representatives of the organisation, including the hiring manager, a potential future colleague and an Human Resources officer. Different panels may be convened usually consisting of both men and women. In any case, there will be a chair-person, who leads the interview process.
The chair-person and the other panel members will all ask questions. It's good practice to address the person who asks the question mostly, though keeping a connection with the other panel members through eye contact.
The advantage of a panel interview is that the decision about whether you will be hired rests with a number of people and not just one interviewer, and therefore can be argued to be fairer.
Case study interviews
Some organisations, especially consulting firms, use case study questions to evaluate a candidate's analytical skills. These scenarios can often be quite challenging.
These are usually shorter interviews used for the purpose of conducting a brief evaluation of a candidate. Your answers may be asked by phone (even through an automated system), or outsourced to a recruitment agency. It may be recorded for later review.
After the screening interview, you may be invited for a second. Make sure you make notes after the first interview: there may be areas that you could improve upon: if offered a second interview, you could have the chance to elaborate on this area.
Second interviews are usually conducted in person. Make sure that you treat this interview as if it was the only interview you were offered: don't assume that the information you provided in the first interview made it to the second interviewer. You may even be asked a question that featured in the first interview. You can even use the same example you used in the first interview as evidence of your experience or skill development.
Telephone interviews can be outsourced to specialist recruitment organisations, particularly for interviews with a large number of interviewees, or organised to interview at a distance.
Types of telephone interview
These kinds of interviews are becoming increasingly popular in recruitment processes across Australia and internationally. A Skype interview or an interview using technology that allows both verbal and visual interaction is really no different from a face-to-face interview. However, make sure you test your connection before the interview, and remember that presentation still counts! Both for yourself, and the space in which you are conducting the interview. Make sure that you are situated in a quiet space with limited or no visual or audible distractions to you and the interviewers.