Contrastive motion lexicalisation: Warlpiri and Warlmanpa
David Nash
MPI / ANU / AIATSIS

Warlpiri and its most closely related and similar neighbour, Warlmanpa, differ strikingly in the number of monomorphemic inflecting verb roots: over 120 versus 43, respectively. Simple verbs versus preverb-verb (coverb-verb) combinations contrast as follows for verbs expressing translocational motion of the subject:
  Warlpiri    Warlmanpa         gloss
  ya-ni       pan-ka            go
              -ya-nta           go (in a few combinations)
  wanti-mi    wa-nta            fall, drop
  ka-nyi      ka-ngka           ERG take, carry ABS
  pura-mi     kapu-ngka         ERG chase, follow, track ABS
  yampi-mi    winyja-ka         ERG abandon ABS
  parnka-mi   jutpu-ngka        run
  warrka-rni  waka-ka           climb, crawl
  parti-mi    parti-(-ngka)     appear, rise, leave, start off
  karla-mi    yila-ka           (liquid) flow
The above are all such Warlmanpa simple verbs; Warlpiri has these further simple verbs expressing translocational motion of the subject:
 Warlpiri     Warlmanpa                      gloss
 wapa-mi      (pan-ka)                       move about
 karrka-mi    (pan-ka)                       proceed
 kawarirri-mi (pan-ka)                       wander
 yurirri-mi   jukujuku-ka-rra, etc.          stir, move
 yuka-mi      purlun-ya-nta, purlun-wa-nta   enter
 kulpa-mi     ngurrurla-pa-nka, -ja-rra,     return
 jiti-mi      pakurr-wa-nta, etc             descend
 rdipi-mi     jinta-jinta-ja-rra, etc.       gather, encounter DAT
 yarnka-mi    (parti-(-ngka))                grab, depart
 mati-rni     (pan-ka)                       go in procession
 rdanpa-rni                                  accompany DAT
 jarnti-mi    yinkily-yinkily-pan-ka         limp
 lirri-mi     luly-pan-ka                    swell
Most of the Warlmanpa verbs in the second table show orientation and path components unpacked compared to the Warlpiri equivalent.

This effect is also discernible in the Warlpiri patterns of (infinitival) verb compounding with certain finite verbs, and comparison is made with the Warlmanpa equivalents which use more freely combining coverbs.

Date created: 30 March 1998
Last modified: 29 April 1998
 1998 David Nash
Maintained by: David Nash

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