The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) is now the site of the largest mass repression of an ethnic and/or religious minority in the world today. Researchers estimate that since 2016 one million people have been detained without trial in the XUAR. In the detention centres these individuals are subjected to deeply invasive forms of surveillance and psychological stress as they are forced to abandon their native language, religious beliefs and cultural practices. Outside of the detention centres, more than 10 million Turkic Muslim minorities in the region are subjected to a dense network of hi-tech surveillance systems (including key elements of China’s “social credit” system), checkpoints, and interpersonal monitoring which severely limit all forms of personal freedom.
This all-day conference will provide a critical examination of the mass detention of Uyghurs (and other Turkic Muslims) in "reeducation" camps in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) by providing analysis of the available evidence, historical and political background, and domestic and foreign policy implications of the "reeducation" camps.