Stemming the Nuclear Tide: The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty at 45

Presented by ANU College of Asia & the Pacific

In a world brimming with instability and chaos, nuclear arms control and nonproliferation treaties and agreements are our bulwark against the unthinkable: the detonation of a nuclear weapon. Yet some doubt the nuclear security regimes that were painstakingly created over the last fifty years. In just over a month, 190 nations will gather at the United Nations to review the most important of all nuclear agreements, the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.

Under Secretary Rose Gottemoeller will explore how the United States and its allies, importantly Australia,
must engage with those who would undermine or even abandon this essential agreement, now in its 45th year.

Rose E. Gottemoeller was sworn in as the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security in 2014. As Under Secretary, Gottemoeller advises the Secretary on arms control, nonproliferation and disarmament. She had served as Acting in this position since February 2012. While Acting, Gottemoeller continued to serve as Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, a position she was appointed to on April 6, 2009. She was the chief U.S. was the chief U.S. negotiator of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) with the Russian Federation, which entered into force in 2011.

This lecture forms part of the annual Robert O’Neill War Studies Lecture series. Emeritus Professor Robert O’Neill AO was Head of the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre (SDSC) at the ANU from 1971 to 1982 and remains an active member of the academic community. One of the world’s leading experts on strategic and security studies, O’Neill previously served as Director, International Institute for Strategic Studies, London (1982-1987); Chichele Professor of the History of War at Oxford University (1987-2000); Chairman of the Council of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (1995-2001); and Chairman of the Board of Trustees, Imperial War Museum (1997-2001).