Your resume is your self-marketing tool that aims to convince an employer that you:
- Can do the job
- Want to do the job
- Fit into the organisation's culture
By targeting your resume for each job you are applying for it allows for employers to quickly determine how appropriate for the job.
In your resume, you need to tailor your information to the particular industry, organisation and professional role, and it needs to be enticing enough for the employer to invite you for interview. Tailoring your information such that you align 'what you bring' with 'what an employer is looking for' means that each application you send to an employer should look (at least slightly) different, this requires you to do your research.
Again, academic resumes require a different focus on content. For example, you would certainly state your research interests and your thesis topics, with a short explanation and include how they relate to the position. You also need to include a list of your publications, conferences attended, your teaching philosophy, and examples of subjects and subject areas taught.
Being an academic or working in a research environment means more than doing research or teaching. Besides focusing on research and teaching, include other relevant skills and experiences.