This was a handout at the Language Tutorial, Spring 1997 Conference of LAGB, University of Edinburgh.

Sketch of Warlmanpa by contrast with Warlpiri
David Nash

1
Warlmanpa: Nyuntu-ngu ngapa-nga nya-ngu kuyu-ngu.
you-2o water-Loc see-Past game-Erg
'The animal saw you at the water.'
Warlpiri: Nyuntu-ngku ngapa-ngka nya-ngu kuyu-ngku.
you-2o water-Loc see-Past game-Erg
2
Warlmanpa: Wanji-rla-n pan-nya?
where-Loc-2s go-Present 'Where're you going?'
Warlpiri: Nyarrpara-kurra ka-npa ya-ni?
where-Allative Present-2s go-NonPast

3 PHONOLOGY

                        apico-    apico-  lamino-   dorso-
bilabial alveolar domal alveolar velar
stops lax p t rt j k
tense pp tt rtt jj kk nasals m n rn ny ng laterals l rl ly flap rr rd glides w r y
a few tense/fortis stops, esp in vocab common with Warumungu
e.g. lajju 'edible grub' (Warlpiri laju)
vowels i, a, u; possibly no length contrast

greater phonotactic possibilities:
stop-final syllables; lateral-nasal clusters
no progressive vowel assimilation (but avoids iCu within roots)

4 MORPHOLOGY

4.1 nominals

similar Dual, case suffxing, allomorphy of Ergative, Locative
comparative list of suffixes and enclitics
suppletion in deictic stem:
Warlmanpa: yimpa 'this'  mirla 'here'  muka 'to here'
Warlpiri: nyampu nyampu-rla nyampu-kurra
pronouns marked only for person

4.2 verbs:

Compare to Warlpiri verb conjugations:
   Warlmanpa                          Warlpiri
conjugation (imperative) conjugation
wangka 1a
-ka {consonant-final stem 1c
{vowel-final stem 2
-ngka {i-final stem 1b
{a,u-final stem 3
-rra 1d
-nyja 4
-nta 5
Note that there are four subtypes corresponding to Warlpiri 1st conjn.

5 SYNTAX

5.1 pronominal enclitics

ordered 1-2-3-nyanu-rla; except for 2-3 sequences realised as -jana-n, -nyanu-n, -jana-nkulu, -nyanu-nkulu; also -jana-lu; and separable -lu of -rna-lu follows object enclitic
Warlmanpa: Ngayu-rna-jana-lu  nya-nganya.
I-111s-333o see-Present
'We are looking at them.'
Warlpiri: Nganimpa-rlu ka-rnalu-jana nya-nyi.
we.pl.excl-Erg Present-111s-222o see-NonPast
attracted to Imperative, not always in 2nd position

5.2 Auxiliary base

marks mood: Negation, Conditional (as in Warlpiri) but aspect (Future, Potential, Imperfect) is marked on verb, not in Auxiliary

5.3 relative marker ~ 'thus'

           relative 'thus'
Warlmanpa ngula kuya
E Warlpiri ngula kuja
W Warlpiri kuja kuja

6 LEXICON

6.1 preverbs (coverbs):

more numerous, looser relation to verb root / fewer verb roots (40 vs. 110)
* occur in verbless clauses
* coverbs used rather than infinitives bearing complementisers

6.2

ngana 'who?, what?
cf. Warlpiri ngana 'who?', nyiya 'what?'

6.3 stance verbs

         Warlpiri Warlmanpa
'be, sit' nyina-mi ka-rra
'stand' karri-mi kurtij-ka-rra
'lie' nguna-mi jarta-ka-rra
'crouch' parntarri-mi tawu-wa-nta

Warlmanpa
Australia languages
Central Australia

© 1997 David Nash
Modified: 8 May 1997
Last changed: 21 October 2007
URL http://www.anu.edu.au/linguistics/nash/aust/wpa/wpa-wlp-contrast.html