OCHRE: opportunity, choice, healing, responsibility, empowerment. NSW Government Plan for Aboriginal affairs. http://www.aboriginalaffairs.nsw.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/AA_OCHRE_final.pdf
* launched on 5 April 2013 * first aim 'Teach more Aboriginal
language and culture to build people’s pride and identity', establish
Aboriginal Language and Culture Nests (Executive Summary, http://www.aboriginalaffairs.nsw.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/OCHRE-Exec-Summ-Final-Web-Ready.pdf)
following 'Ministerial Taskforce on Aboriginal Affairs Final Report. March 2013.' http://www.aboriginalaffairs.nsw.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/FINAL-Taskforce-Report-19.03.13.pdf
The first state Aboriginal Languages Policy (NSW DAA)
http://www.daa.nsw.gov.au/data/files//languagespolicyFINAL.pdf, dated 24 May 2004
Aboriginal Languages Project, following the release of the
Aboriginal Languages K-10 Syllabus in 2003
linked from http://ab-ed.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au
NSW Aboriginal Languages Research and Resource Centre
(The Languages Centre), part of the NSW Department of Aboriginal
Affairs, founded 2003
Senator Aden Ridgeway
Kevin Lowe. 2001. The Need for
Community Consultation to assist in the
Development of Aboriginal Language Programs in schools: A Draft
Discussion Paper. The
full version of the extract that
appeared in Voice
of the Land 20 (November 2001),9,11.
The Victorian Aboriginal
Corporation for Languages coordinates Community Language Programs
2006 - Department of
Employment, Education and Training. Indigenous
Languages and Culture
in NT Schools: Report 2004-05
(includes Appendix D 'Indigenous language and culture policies in other jurisdictions' 4pp. unnumbered)
Indigenous Languages and Culture, pp.483-554 of
1999 - Northern Territory Department
An Independent Inquiry into Aboriginal Education in the Northern
Territory. NT Government
Printer (conducted by Tess Lea and Bob Collins) 1.6MB PDF
ATSIC Submission to the
['Collins'] Review into Aboriginal Education in the Northern Territory.
Neil Chadwick. 1977. Language politics in the Northern Territory. Presented to the Linguistic Society of Australia, Sat 27 August 1977, University of Melbourne. Abstract (p.8) in conference programme in LSAus Newsletter.
O'Grady, Geoffrey N & Ken
Hale. 1975. Recommendations
concerning bilingual education in the Northern Territory. Parliamentary
paper ; no. 329 of 1974. Canberra: Govt. Printer. ISBN 0642931275. *
Recommendations reprinted in appendix to 'Critical reflections on the
history of bilingual education in Central Australia' by Robert
Hoogenraad, in Forty years on : Ken Hale and Australian languages, 2001.
Multicultural Strategy 2010–2013
was tabled in the ACT Legislative Assembly in December 2009. Included
in the ‘Languages’ focus area of the Strategy is a commitment by the
ACT Government to develop and implement a whole-of-government language
policy by 2012
'Languages for all Canberrans.
Discussion Paper for ACT Languages Policy.' Office
of Multicultural, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs (PDF
448kB) * following the 2005 and 2008 Multicultural Summits
The Way Forward. Multicultural Summit - Summary. 10 December 2005. p.11 'Language Policy' suggestions. http://www.dhcs.act.gov.au/community/mau/pubs/Summit%20Summary%20Booklet.pdf
ACT Languages Policy. Draft paper for discussion. December 1994.
Canberra: ACT Government (Social Policy Branch, Chief Minister's
Department). 28pp. See ß3, pp.17-18.
"While English is the official language of Norfolk Island, recognition has also been given to ‘Norf’k’, a mixture of 18th Century English and Tahitian, brought to the island by the Pitcairners. The Norfolk Island Language (Norf’k) Act 2004 not only recognised Norf’k but affirmed ‘the right of the people to speak and write it freely and without interference or prejudice from government or other persons’. The Act also allows for Norf’k to be taught in school. UNESCO has recognised the language following a submission by the Norfolk Island Government. The significance of the language policy is that it identifies and recognises a unique cultural element, provides identity and emphasizes the island’s ‘special cultural values’."Turner, Mark. 2007. Norfolk Island / Australia. Kreddha Autonomy Mapping Project.
Indigenous Engagement with Science: towards deeper understandings. Report prepared by the Expert Working Group Indigenous Engagement with Science. August 2013. http://www.innovation.gov.au/science/InspiringAustralia/ExpertWorkingGroup/Pages/EWGIndigenous.aspx
* "to consider the ways in which Indigenous Australians would benefit
from more engagement with the sciences, and the ways in which the
sciences could benefit from more engagement with Indigenous
Australians." * 'Indigenous languages—storehouses of knowledge', pages
House of Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs. 2012. Our land our languages: Language learning in Indigenous communities. The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia. http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/House_of_Representatives_Committees?url=atsia/languages/report/index.htm
the Australian Government on the Inquiry into language learning in
Indigenous communities. National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples.
11 pages. December 2011.
language learning in Indigenous communities. House of
Representatives Standing Committee on
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs. Referred 5 July 2011. http://www.aph.gov.au/house/committee/atsia/languages/index.htm
Cultural Policy discussion paper. August 2011. Office for the Arts.
Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet.
* refers to National Indigenous Languages
'What is the
status of the implementation of the Government’s National Indigenous
Languages Policy (the Policy)?' Senate:
Questions without Notice: answered Tuesday, 22 June 2010
Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner. Social Justice
Report 2009. Chapter 3: The perilous state of Indigenous languages
in Australia http://www.humanrights.gov.au/publications/chapter-3-introduction-social-justice-report-2009
* 'sets out evidence demonstrating that there are benefits associated
with preserving Indigenous languages and consequential costs associated
with losing them. The chapter also sets out a course of action aimed at
preserving and reviving Indigenous languages'
Government Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Indigenous
Languages - A National Approach, The importance of Australia's
Indigenous languages. http://www.arts.gov.au/indigenous/languages_policy
(from September 2009) * reproduced in Appendix 3 to the Social Justice Report 2009 http://www.humanrights.gov.au/publications/appendix-3-indigenous-languages-national-approach-social-justice-report-2009
Purdie, Nola. 2009. A way forward for
Indigenous languages. ACER Research
Developments Vol. 21, Article 2. * considers strategies for
strengthening the quality of Indigenous languages programs in schools
Purdie, Nola, Tracey Frigo, Clare Ozolins, Geoff Noblett, Nick
Thieberger, Janet Sharp. 2008. Indigenous
languages programmes in
Australian schools : A way forward. Australian Council for Educational
Research. the former Australian Government Department of Education,
Science and Training through the Australian Government’s School
Languages Programme. xvii+228pp.
Noel Pearson, Native tongues imperilled, The Australian, March 10, 2007
http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,21352767-7583,00.html * includes his seven "points about language policy"
(Department of Communications, Information Technology and
Maintenance of Indigenous Languages and Records (MILR) program
supports policies and community initiatives to preserve and maintain
See 'Strategy and Action Plan 2007–08', Attachment A pp.14-17 in
'Program information and guidelines 2007–08' available in Word and PDF formats
Plan 2005-2008 based on 2004 report of Ministerial Council on
Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA)
http://www.mceetya.edu.au/verve/_resources/languageeducation_file.pdf from National Statement and Plan on Languages Education in Australian Schools page
DEST (Department of Education, Science and Training)
policies, issues and reviews relating to Indigenous education
including National Goals for Indigenous Education (page last modified Tue, 24 Apr 2007 3:58:35 PM)
"17. To develop programs to support the maintenance and continued us[e] of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages."
Lo Bianco, J. 2004. A site for
debate, negotiation and contest of national identity: language policy
in Australia. 35 pages. Guide for the development of language education
policies in Europe: From linguistic diversity to plurilingual
education. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. (French and English)
Dixon, Sally. 2004. Ecological
perspectives on language policy and language planning theory: towards a
critical understanding of language planning in the Torres Strait
Islands. Submitted for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts (Linguistics)
(Honours), School of Linguistics, Faculty of Arts, The University of
NSW * Chapter 1 'Language Policy in Australia: towards a critical
theory', pp.3-42 * copy at AIATSIS Library
Lester Irabinna Rigney. 2002.
Bread versus freedom - Treaty and
stabilising Indigenous Languages. Presented to National Treaty
Review of the Australian Government
Languages Other than English Programme (LOTE) - Report.
Commonwealth of Australia, 2002
National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education Policy (AEP)
http://www.dest.gov.au/archive/schools/indigenous/aep.htm (page created 2001-12-19, modified 8 Aug 2005, modified 31 October 2007 3:09:37 PM)
Lo Bianco, Joseph, and Rosie
Wickert (eds). 2001. Australian
policy activism in language and literacy. Melbourne: Language
PDF at ERIC #:ED471603
* introduction "Activists and Policy" (LoBianco, Wickert) * Part 1,
pp.13-44, "From policy to anti-policy: How fear of language
rights took policy-making out of community hands" (LoBianco): tracks
Australian language and literacy
policy * "Advocating the sustainability of linguistic diversity"
Hammond, Jennifer. 2001.
in school education in Australia: disjunctions between policy and
research. Language and Education
Vol. 15, No. 2&3.
FATSIL Indigenous Language Policy Statement and Strategic Plan objectives summarised in Voice of the Land 16.1(2001). http://www.fatsil.org/VOTL/Articles/16-1.htm
Rights and Reform - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages
Part of Reconciliation and Social Justice Library. Page created Mon, 3 Jul 2000 2:32:51 PM http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/special/rsjproject/rsjlibrary/atsic/ntsj1/54.html
State of Indigenous languages in Australia - 2001, by P. McConvell and N. Thieberger. State of the Environment Second Technical Paper Series (Natural and Cultural Heritage), Department of the Environment and Heritage, Canberra. ISBN 0 642 54871 4 http://web.archive.org/web/20050717074916/http://www.deh.gov.au/soe/techpapers/languages/index.html
Royal Commission on Aboriginal Deaths in Custody Recommendations 55, 56, 188
Janke, Terri. 1998. Our Culture: Our Future: Report on Australian Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights. Prepared for Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies and the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission. © Michael Frankel & Company and Terri Janke. 2.5MB http://web.archive.org/web/20030803155859/www.icip.lawnet.com.au/culture.pdf
Literacy Policy: Literacy for
All: The Challenge for Australian Schools. Department of
Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs (DEETYA), 1998.
Commonwealth Literacy Policies for Australian Schools.
Australian Schooling Monograph Series No. 1/1998
ß5.3 Indigenous Students: http://www.dest.gov.au/archive/schools/literacy&numeracy/publications/lit4all.htm#5.3
National Aboriginal and Torres
Strait Islander Education Policy (AEP):
Indigenous Education Strategic Initiatives Programme (IESIP) : revised
administrative guidelines, third triennium 1997-1999 (June 1998) Dept.
of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs. http://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn387848
* "These guidelines, approved by the Commonwealth Minister for
Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs set out the
objectives, administrative requirements and funding arrangements under
IESIP for the third triennium of the AEP, being 1997-99" -p.6.
Indigenous Languages component (esp.
pp.19-20,77-86) of State
of the Environment: Environmental Indicators for national state of
reporting - Natural and Cultural Heritage, by M Pearson, D
J Lennon, I McBryde, D Marshall, D Nash & B Wellington. State
of Environment (Environmental
Indicator Reports), Environment Australia, Department of the
Canberra, 1998. ISBN 0 642 54528 6 of the series 0 642 54526 X
and Literacy: Australia's Fundamental Resource, prepared by
Language Australia. Authors: Joseph Lo Bianco, Pauline Bryant, Richard
B. Baldauf. National Board of Employment, Education and Training,
Australian Research Council, Discipline Research Strategies. June 1997.
McKay, Graham R. 1996. The land still speaks: review of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander language maintenance and development needs and activities. Canberra: Australian Govt. Pub. Service. xxvii+290pp. Commissioned Report No. 44. (Australia. National Board of Employment, Education and Training). ISBN 064445945X xxvii+290pp. http://www.dest.gov.au/nbeet/publications/pdf/96_10.pdfLo Bianco, Joseph. Pluralist Nations: Pluralist Language Policies? Presented to 1995 Global Cultural Diversity Conference Proceedings, Sydney. (Chief Executive, The National Languages and Literacy Institute of Australia Limited)
Culture and Heritage: Indigenous Languages by
John Henderson and David Nash. State of the Environment Technical Paper
Series (Natural and Cultural Heritage), Series 1, Department of the
Environment and Heritage. To January 1995.
http://web.archive.org/web/20050717074916/http://www.deh.gov.au/soe/techpapers/series1/indigeno.html (was http://www.environment.gov.au/soe/techpapers/series1/indigeno.html)
Ozolins, Uldis. 1993. The
politics of language in Australia.
Cambridge University Press. * reviewed by Mari Rhydwen, Oceania 64.3(March 1994), 274
* 'The National Language Policy
issued in Australia'. Pacific
Linguistics (1985) Series C-92; pp. 281-9.
Government response to the
recommendations of the House of
Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait
Islander Affairs inquiry into Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
language maintenance report, "A matter of survival", June 1992.
Date of Government Response: 17/12/1992
and culture : a matter of survival : report of the inquiry into
Aboriginal and Torres
Strait Islander language maintenance June 1992. Parliament - House of
Representatives. Standing Committee on
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs (HoRSCATSIA). Canberra:
Government Publishing Service. * Parliamentary Paper Number 164/1992,
Date Tabled: 25/06/1992 http://www.aph.gov.au/house/committee/report_register/bycomlist.asp?id=934
Appendix 7: Recommendations from
the National Aboriginal Languages
Workshop "Our Language, Our Future", 12th & 13th December 1991,
Adelaide SA. http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/special/rsjproject/rsjlibrary/parliamentary/language/83.html
White Paper response - PALC. Wangka Maya. 14pp. Text posted to peg:aust.languages 2:28 pm Oct 25, 1991. Archived in file '16 Wangka Maya response' in ASEDA item 0380.
ALLP: Australia's Language: The Australian Language and Literacy Policy, by John Dawkins, Minister for Employment Education and Training. Announced 2 September 1991. Canberra: AGPS, 1993. * "The White Paper was released in early September 1991 and announced a national policy and a national strategy to promote language and literacy in Australia through the Australian Language and Literacy Policy (ALLP)." http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/special/rsjproject/rsjlibrary/parliamentary/language/70.html
Dept. of Employment, Education and
Training. The language of Australia;
discussion paper on an Australian literacy and language policy for the
1990s. Canberra : Australian Government
Publishing Service, December 1990, 2 v. in 1 * "The Green Paper on a
draft Australian Language and Literacy
Policy was released in December 1990" http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/special/rsjproject/rsjlibrary/parliamentary/language/70.html
Riley-Mundine, Lynette, and Bryn Roberts (Pitman Roberts and Partners). 1990. Review of National Aboriginal Languages Program. AACLAME Occasional Paper Number 5. Australian Advisory Council on Languages and Multicultural Education, Canberra. Scanned as 2.6MB PDF available as ERIC #:ED355757 at http://eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/Home.portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=RecordDetails&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=ED355757&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=eric_accno&objectId=0900000b8013bfae * National Aboriginal Languages Project 1988-90, became National Aboriginal Languages Program (DEET)
NPL: Lo Bianco, Joseph. 1987. National Policy on Languages. Commonwealth Department of Education. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN-13 978-0644061186 * extracted highlights: http://www.multiculturalaustralia.edu.au/doc/lobianco_2.pdf * Ministerial announcement of policy, 15 December 1987 http://www.multiculturalaustralia.edu.au/doc/youngholding_1.pdf * comment: "Australia's education and training system has also responded to the changing ethnic composition of our population. A system of language training was put in place to provide migrants with access. Community languages were integrated into school curricula and became an important national resource. In 1987 the Federal Government adopted a National Policy on Languages, becoming the first English speaking country to have such a policy and the first in the world to have a multilingual languages policy" p.29 of CFAC. 1994. 2001: A Report from Australia: a report to the Council of Australian Governments by the Centenary of Federation Advisory Committee. Canberra: AGPS. [quoted http://www.immi.gov.au/media/publications/multicultural/confer/04/speech18b.htm ]
Select Committee on Aboriginal Education. Report. Parliamentary
Paper Number 357/85 Date Tabled: 26/11/1985
Date of Government Response: 6/06/1991: National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education Policy (AEP) launched 26 October 1989
Parliament - Senate Standing Committee on Education and the Arts ; Malcolm Arthur Colston, Chairman. October 1984. Report on a national language policy. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Cat. No. 8505820 * Recommendations http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/special/rsjproject/rsjlibrary/parliamentary/language/82.html
Fesl, Eve D. 1983. Submission to the Senate Standing Committee on Education and the Arts on a National Language Policy. iii+178pp. AIATSIS Library MS 4156.
Bell, Jeanie (ed.) 1982. Language planning for Australian Aboriginal languages: papers presented at the Workshop to Develop Aboriginal Leadership in Language Planning, Alice Springs, 16-20 February, 1981. Alice Springs, NT; Institute for Aboriginal Development.
A useful glossary of acronyms (at 1992): http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/special/rsjproject/rsjlibrary/parliamentary/language/5.html
Language Australia has closed, the former National Languages and Literacy Institute of Australia Ltd. (NLLIA); some of the operations of its Melbourne Office are now run through CAE (Centre for Adult Education) in Melbourne.
Literacy: A Chronology of Selected Research and Commonwealth Policy Initiatives Since 1975. Canberra, Department of the Parliamentary Library, Social Policy Group. 7 December 1999. http://www.aph.gov.au/library/pubs/chron/1999-2000/2000chr02.htm
Australian Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights (site dormant in recent years)
stronger communities: Indigenous Australian rights in education and
by Lester Irabinna Rigney/FATSIL
A submission to the Working Group on Indigenous Populations of a UN subcommission on Human Rights
full version of an article that appeared in Voice of the Land 21 (March 2002), 8-9
Romaine, Suzanne. 2002. The
Impact of language policy on endangered
languages. International Journal on
Multicultural Societies Vol. 4, No. 2 ISSN 1564-4901 ©
Luisa Maffi. 1999. Building the
Tools: toward the integrated
protection of indigenous languages and Knowledge as part of indigenous
heritage. Terralingua Discussion Paper #14
UNESCO. 1998. The Oslo Recommendation Regarding the Linguistic
Rights of National Minorities and Explanatory Note. * available through
Organization for Security and
Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
Universal Declaration of Linguistic
Rights, adopted by the 1996 World Conference of Linguistic Rights,
communicated to United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
New Zealand's Maori Language Act 1987, which
refers in places to Welsh Language Act 1967 (U.K.)
Linguistic Rights -
National Constitutions, Management
Transformations (MOST) Programme Clearing House, UNESCO
Acknowledgements: incorporating suggestions from (newest to earliest) Bruce Reyburn, John White, Jason Lee, Adriano Truscott, Melanie Gillbank, Christina Eira <ceira AT vaclang.org.au>, Mary-Anne Gale, Rob Amery, Jane Simpson, and David Nathan's Language rights & policy links in his World Wide Web Virtual Library; also from some of the sources listed in my links and resources on Endangered Languages and language documentation (to 2005)