Created: 4 January 1999
Last modified: 5 August 2012

Norman B Tindale 
1900-1993

These pages were begun prior to the SA Museum's comprehensive Tindale website, which was launched on his centenary, and which see for authoritative information.



Tindale's obituary by Philip Jones, including a complete bibliography, was published in the Records of the South Australian Museum 28.2 (December 1995),159-176.

The lifetime collection of NB Tindale is held at the South Australian Museum — see the Museum's Archives website for a listing of Tindale's journals 1921-1991 and for further information including about access and use.

SA Museum's DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY (November 2005):

Archives Access Officer SAM.archives@saugov.sa.gov.au
Archives Access Officer, ph. 08 8207 7375

Philip Jones jones.philip@saugov.sa.gov.au
Curator, Anthropology; edits material for the SA Museum's Tindale website

Francesca Zilio zilio.fran@saugov.sa.gov.au
Professional member of the Australian Society of Archivists Inc. Anthropology Archivist who processed the Tindale Collection.


Abbreviations and symbols used by Tindale
Fry Framework for kinship terminology, as adapted and used by Tindale, based on work by HK Fry

Tindale vocabularies

This section is about the over 150 parallel vocabularies of Australian languages collected by Norman B Tindale.

Tindale's Index to Tribes, coded to his manuscript map and vocabularies
(based on entry by Barry Alpher, 28 June 1999, AIATSIS; 112-142 added from SA Museum description of Series AA 338/01/19/4)

Tindale's name (alphabetical)
numerical order
Agwaman    34
Allawa    1928.5
Ankamuthi    18
Antakirinja    105
Aranda    144

Ba:baram    5
Baada    128
Bailgu    114
Bailko    85
Baranguan    1934.4
Batjala    58
Bijai    27
Biri(a)    38
Buluwai    4

Dagalag (Tagalag)    59
Dal:a    60
Darumbal    69
Djaingadi    73
Djaku:nda    63
Djankan    17
Djaru    138
Djirubal    7

Gangalu    46
Gatja:ng    74
Goamu    50
Gu:nditjmara    77

I:thu    15
Idindji    8
Indjibandi    115
Ingura    1926

Ka:ri mari (see Wadjabangai)    71
Kabikabi    65
Kala:ko    99
Kalali    57
Kalamai    89
Kalkudhung    54
Kamilaroi    108
Kandju    20
Karadjari    126
Kariara    116
Karingbal    47
Karnai    76
Keramai    23
Kithabal    109
Kithabal    67
Kitja    136
Ko:a    31
Ko:reng    81
Koamu    50
Kokatha    102
Kokatha    79
Koko kulunggur    16
Kokobujundji    62
Kokoimidji    11
Kokojelandji    6
Kokolamalama    1934.3
Kokomini    53
Kona:nin ("=Kokopera")    14
Konejandi    141
Kongkandji    13
Ko:rindji    142
Ku:nggari    110
Kukatja     147
Kulngai    24
Kumbainggir    72
Kunggara    43
Kunggari    35
Kurama    125
Kuthabal    37

LaRdil    19

Maikudung    40
Maikulan    40
Maikulan    70
Maikulung    52
Mam:u    9
Mandjildjara    112
Mangala    123
Mara    1928.6
Mardo    87
Marukangi (Mirukangi ?)     78
Mirning    101
Mirning    83
Muluritji    3
Murunitja    97
Mutumui    1934.1

Nan:a    94
Nangatara    127
Nangathadjara    90
Nangathadjara    91
Nangga    100
Nangga    96
Narangga    80
Nauo    103
N'awagi    21
Niabali    122
Njamal    118
Njangamarda    113
Njikena    84
Njikena    135
Njulnjul    130
Nonga:    82
Nukuna, Nukunu    104
Nungubuyu    1928.8

Ngadjunma    86
Ngaikungu    12
Ngalakan    1928.4
Ngalia    11
Ngalia    111
Ngalia    145
Ngaluma    88
Ngaluma    119
Ngandi    1928.3
Ngaon    41
Ngardi    132
Ngarla    120
Ngaro    39
Ngatjan    1
Nguri    48

O:la    140
Olkola    25
Ongkomi    131

Pandjima    121
Pinhi    93
Pintubi    146
Potidjara (Mardo)    87

Rembarunga    1928.2
Rittarungo    1928.1

Southern Aranda    107

Tagalag (Dagalag)    61
Talandji    124
Tjaapukai    2
Tjalkadjara    92
Tjeraridjal    98

Wa: (Wakawaka)    66
Wa:ljen    95
Wadjabangai    71
Wadjalang    56
Wadjalang    64
Wadjari (Nonga:)    82
Wailpi  Hale & Tindale    1925
Wakaia    42
Wakaman    10
Wakawaka    66
Walagama    29
Walmadjari    139
Walmbaria    1934.2
Wandaran    1928.7
Wanjuru    33
Wanman    117
War:gamai    30
Warungu    32
Warwa    133
Whadjuk    137
Widi    45
Wik-Mungkan    22
Winduwinda    26
Wiradjuri    106
Wirangu (Nangga)    96
Witja:ri (Juet)    137
Worora    134
Wulgurukaba    28

Jagara    49
Jangga    55
Jawuru    129
Ji:randali    44
Jokala    51
Ju:inj    75
Jukamba    68
1925  Wailpi  Hale & Tindale
1926  Ingura
1928.1 Rittarungo
1928.2 Rembarunga
1928.3 Ngandi
1928.4 Ngalakan
1928.5 Allawa
1928.6 Mara
1928.7 Wandaran
1928.8 Nungubuyu
1934.1 Mutumui
1934.2 Walmbaria
1934.3 Kokolamalama
1934.4 Baranguan

1 Ngatjan
2 Tjaapukai
3 Muluritji
4 Buluwai
5 Ba:baram
6 Kokojelandji
7 Djirubal
8 Idindji
9 Mam:u
10 Wakaman
11 Kokoimidji
11 Ngalia
12 Ngaikungu
13 Kongkandji
14 Kona:nin ("=Kokopera")
15 I:thu
16 Koko kulunggur
17 Djankan
18 Ankamuthi
19 LaRdil
20 Kandju
21 N'awagi
22 Wik-Mungkan
23 Keramai
24 Kulngai
25 Olkola
26 Winduwinda
27 Bijai
28 Wulgurukaba
29 Walagama
30 War:gamai
31 Ko:a
32 Warungu
33 Wanjuru
34 Agwaman
35 Kunggari
36 [empty]
37 Kuthabal
38 Biri(a)
39 Ngaro
40 Maikudung
40 Maikulan
41 Ngaon
42 Wakaia
43 Kunggara
44 Ji:randali
45 Widi
46 Gangalu
47 Karingbal
48 Nguri
49 Jagara
50 Goamu
50 Koamu
51 Jokala
52 Maikulung
53 Kokomini
54 Kalkudhung
55 Jangga
56 Wadjalang
57 Kalali
58 Batjala
59 Dagalag (Tagalag)
60 Dal:a
61 Tagalag (Dagalag)
62 Kokobujundji
63 Djaku:nda
64 Wadjalang
65 Kabikabi
66 Wa: (Wakawaka)
66 Wakawaka
67 Kithabal
68 Jukamba
69 Darumbal
70 Maikulan
71 Ka:ri mari (see Wadjabangai)
71 Wadjabangai
72 Kumbainggir
73 Djaingadi
74 Gatja:ng
75 Ju:inj
76 Karnai
77 Gu:nditjmara
78 Marukangi
79 Kokatha
80 Narangga
81 Ko:reng
82 Nonga:
82 Wadjari (Nonga:)
83 Mirning
84 Njikena
85 Bailko
86 Ngadjunma
87 Mardo
87 Potidjara (Mardo)
88 Ngaluma
89 Kalamai
90 Nangathadjara
91 Nangathadjara
92 Tjalkadjara
93 Pinhi
94 Nan:a
95 Wa:ljen
96 Nangga
96 Wirangu (Nangga)
97 Murunitja
98 Tjeraridjal
99 Kala:ko
100 Nangga
101 Mirning
102 Kokatha
103 Nauo
104 Nukuna, Nukunu
105 Antakirinja
106 Wiradjuri
107 Southern Aranda
108 Kamilaroi
109 Kithabal
110 Ku:nggari
111 Ngalia
112 Mandjildjara (approx. 100 words)
113 Njangamarda (approx. 140 words)
114 Bailgu (approx. 135 words)
115 Indjibandi (approx. 120 words)
116 Kariara (approx. 125 words)
117 Wanman (approx. 110 words)
118 Njamal (approx. 140 words)
119 Ngaluma (approx. 115 words)
120 Ngarla (approx. 145 words)
121 Pandjima (approx. 115 words)
122 Niabali (approx. 115 words)
123 Mangala (approx. 125 words)
124 Talandji (approx. 65 words)
125 Kurama (approx. 140 words)
126 Karadjari (approx. 140 words)
127 Nangatara (approx. 120 words)
128 Baada (approx. 130 words)
129 Jawuru (approx. 100 words)
130 Njulnjul (approx. 85 words)
131 Ongkomi (approx. 105 words)
132 Ngardi (approx. 135 words)
133 Warwa (approx. 115 words)
134 Worora (approx. 150 words)
135 Njikena (approx. 150 words)
136 Kitja (approx. 155 words)
137 Witja:ri (Juet) (sc. Whadjuk) (approx. 115 words)
138 Djaru (approx. 145 words)
139 Walmadjari (approx. 150 words)
140 O:la (approx. 35 words)
141 Konejandi (approx. 155 words)
142 Ko:rindji (approx. 10 words)

144 Aranda
145 Ngalia
146 Pintubi
147 Kukatja
148
149
150
151
152


map
[click map for larger view]
'Rough Distribution of Vocabularies collected by Norman B. Tindale 1921-1976' SA Museum

sourcesNB Tindale's "Suggestions as to Sources" of vocabularies of Australian languages

Miscellaneous cross-references

  • Tindale's Kaiadilt data is used in Historical Notes on Sweers Island compiled by Professor Peter Saenger.
  • State Library of Queensland: Indigenous Resource Unit - Family History Resources - Information on Norman Tindale Collection. Index
  • Tindale's note on G Laves:
  • Sunday 1 Jan 1939 Mr JL Sampey, then Manager of Wallaga Lake Station, had "met Lavers ('Prof Laves of California') on the Clarence River about five years ago. He was working with natives on language at ['Algandargi] Island." (1938-39 journal, pp.762-3)

    Comments and additions welcome

    Australian languages page

    2006 SA Museum & David Nash

    URL: http://www.anu.edu.au/linguistics/nash/aust/nbt/index.html