In the context of integration into the globalization, China is moving from passively accepting economic and trade rules to actively making international economic and trade rules. China is long for ""actively participate in global governance"". In the process of participating in global governance, one of the most essential issues for China is to define its identity.
At present, considering China’s current scientific and technological economic development, China is in a delicate position in the intellectual property protection issue. On the one hand, China is a major developing country, with the general characteristics of developing countries in terms of per capita income, economic structure, national education and management level. However, on the other hand, China is a large emerging country. In some important indicators of science and technology, China is not only well ahead of other developing countries, but also even ahead of some developed countries.
Thus, in today's international economic landscape, China's role and positioning is complex, diverse and contradictory sometimes. China is no longer being looked upon as a developing country, but China is not yet a developed country neither. China lies somewhere between developed and developing countries. This special condition determines both the consistency and the conflict of interests between China and the developing countries.
So, in international negotiations of intellectual property, should China stand on the side of the developing world? Or on the side of the developed world? Or, should it has his own separate position?
The research tries to answer this question on the basis of analysis on the development of China’s economics and science and technology.