Voices of authority: Reconstructing the aural experience of trial at the Old Bailey, 1780 -1840

In the years following the Gordon Riots in 1780, the courtroom at the Old Bailey in London was rebuilt repeatedly. This rebuilding occurred in dialogue with the evolution of the modern 'adversarial trial', and forms a component of the history of the bureaucratisation and professionalization of criminal justice. In the process this theatre of justice was transformed from one in which the victim, defendant and jurors,formed the lead actors, into a set that placed barristers centre stage. This paper and project uses the construction of 3D models of the courtroom in its evolving form, to explore the roles of all the actors involved - to model how their voices were heard in the courtroom.