After the Soviet Union collapsed in the 1990s, Mongolia shifted from a socialist to capitalist economy. A new constitution was established in 1992 and reforms were instituted, including land law reforms. A new land law enacted in 1994 excluded the application of private ownership over pastoral land and provided for three categories of land rights: ownership, possession (renewable leases between 15-60 years) and use for foreigners.
Although Mongolia introduced land ownership rights as a part of economic reforms, this created disputes and confrontation in Mongolian society. Mineral resources development further complicated the situation and fanned nationalistic sentiment. In this presentation, Masaki Nakamura will firstly introduce the background, details and results of land law reform. He will then review current land law reform issues. Lastly, he will discuss policy issues on land in Mongolia.
Before Masaki's presentation, RegNet visiting scholar Hiromi Amemiya will briefly introduce the "Law and Development Study on Impact of Improvement of Land Law on Social Development" (2013-2016) research project, funded by JSPS KAKENHI.
About the Speaker
Associate Professor Masaki Nakamura is a professor of social science, Japanese history and related courses for international students. His area of specialisation is constitutional and comparative law.
Masaki's research theme is Mongolian constitutional history and Mongolian legal history with regards to land. He also has research interests in law and society of modern North Eurasia.
He is a former Visiting Fellow, Faculty of Oriental Studies, St. Petersburg National University, Russia; Designated Associate Professor, PhD Professional Toryumon Program, Nagoya University, Japan; Lecturer, Graduate School of Law, Nagoya University; and Research Associate, Center for Asian Legal Exchange, Nagoya University.
He has a Master's degree in International Development, and has completed his Ph.D studies at the Graduate School of International Development, University of Nagoya.
This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 25380004.