Professor and Visiting Fellow
School of Earth Sciences
processes in the atmosphere, the ocean and the solid earth. These have
been studied using small-scale laboratory experiments and associated
theoretical models to understand the basic physics and dynamics of natural
phenomena. Topics of special interest are convection and mixing, especially
in stably stratified fluids.
B.Sc. University of Sydney. First Class honours in Theoretical Physics,
University Medal and John Coutts Scholarship.
M.Sc. University of Sydney. Research Studentship of the University of
Sydney, thesis on nuclear scattering.
Ph.D. University of Cambridge. Thesis entitled "Dynamical aspects of
cloud physics", under the supervision of Dr A.A. Townsend and Sir Geoffrey
and 1960-62: CSIRO Division of Radiophysics, Sydney. Research Officer,
then Senior Research Scientist in the Cloud Physics group.
University of Manchester. Postdoctoral research post in the Department
of the Mechanics of Fluids.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Rossby Fellow,
then Associate Scientist in the Theoretical Oceanography Department.
Between 1966-1974, invited back regularly as a Visiting Investigator.
University of Cambridge. Assistant Director of Research in the Department
of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, at first supported by
a grant from the British Admiralty (1966-70) and then on the University
staff (1970-73). Appointed in 1973 to an ad hominem Readership.
Fellow of Darwin College, Cambridge.
Overseas Fellow, Churchill College, Cambridge.
Green Scholar, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, UCSD
Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Scholar, Calif. Inst. of Technology.
Awards and Distinctions
Awarded 1851 Exhibition Overseas Scholarship
Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science
Fellow of the Royal Society of London
Matthew Flinders Lecture and Medal, Australian Academy of Science
- 2000: University Fellow, ANU
of Learned Societies
Meteorological Society (Fellow, 1958)
of Physics (Fellow, 1969)
Academy of Science (elected FAA, 1979)
Institute of Physics (Fellow, 1980)
Society of London (elected FRS, 1982)
Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
book : 'Buoyancy Effects in Fluids', CUP 1973(+ Russian translation
and paperback edition)
book chapters, invited contributions
refereed journal publications
published conference papers and reports
J.S. 1995. The influence of laboratory experiments on the development
of geophysical fluid dynamics. Inaugural G.K. Batchelor Lecture, Proc.
12th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Sydney, Vol. 1, pp 1 -
J.S. 1995. Henry Stommel's research on small scale processes: examples
of his influential collaborative style. In: Collected Works of Henry
Stommel, Vol. III, eds N.G. Hogg and R.X. Huang, pp 203 - 205. Amer.
Meteorological Society, Boston.
Kerr, R.C. and Turner, J.S. 1996. Crystallization and gravitationally
controlled ponding during the formation of mound springs, terraces and
"black smoker" flanges. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 25125 -25137.
J.S. 1997. G.I. Taylor in his later years. Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech., 29,
1 - 25.
R.W. and Turner, J.S. 1998. Understanding mantle dynamics through mathematical
models and laboratory experiments. In: The Earth's Mantle: Composition,
Structure, and Evolution, Ed. Ian Jackson, pp 191-227. Cambridge
J.S. 1998. Heating and evaporation on a shelf. Proc. 13th Australasian
Fluid Mechanics Conference, Monash University, Vol. 2, pp 867-870.
Turner, J.S. 1998. Stratification and circulation produced by heating
and evaporation on a shelf. J. Marine Res., 56, 1-20.
Anschutz, P., Turner, J.S. and Blanc, G. 1998. The development of layering,
fluxes through double-diffusive interfaces, and location of hydrothermal
sources of brines in the Atlantis II Deep: Red Sea. J. Geophys. Res.,
Wells, M.G., Griffiths, R.W. and Turner, J.S. 1999. Competition between
distributed and localised buoyancy fluxes in a confined volume. J. Fluid
Mech., 391, 319-336.
Ruddick, B.R., Phillips, O.M. and Turner, J.S. 1999. A laboratory and
quantitative model of finite-amplitude thermohaline intrusions. Dyn
Atmos Oceans, 30, 71-99. (Special Issue on 'Laboratory Experiments
in Physical Oceanography',)
J.S. and Veronis, G. 2000. Laboratory studies of double-diffusive sources
in closed regions. J. Fluid Mech., 405, 269-304.
J.S. 2000. Development of geophysical fluid dynamics: The influence
of laboratory experiments. ‘Retrospective’ article in Appl. Mech. Rev.,
J.S. 2000. Laboratory models of double-diffusive sources in closed regions:
the production of stratification and large-scale circulations. Proc
5th International Symposium on Stratified Flows, pp.711-716,
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
P.F. and Turner, J.S. 2001. The formation of 'optimal' vortex rings,
and the efficiency of propulsion devices. J. Fluid Mech., 427,
M.G., Griffiths, R.W. and Turner, J.S. 2001. Generation of density fine
structure by salt fingers in a spatially periodic shear. J. Geophys.
Res. 106, 7027-7037.
J.S. 2001. Double-diffusive plumes in a homogeneous environment. Proc.
14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Adelaide University.
J.S. 2003. Vertical transports produced by double-diffusive plumes in
a confined homogeneous environment. J. Fluid Mech., 493, 131-149.
J.S. and Veronis, G. 2003. The influence of double-diffusive processes
on the melting of ice in the Arctic Ocean: laboratory analogue experiments
and their interpretation. J. Marine Systems (In press).
P.F. and Turner, J.S. 2003. ‘Optimal’ vortex rings and aquatic propulsion
mechanisms . Proc. Roy. Soc. B (In press).
Invited Lectures since 1975
Plenary Lecture: 'Double-diffusive processes in fluids', XVIth Congress,
International Association for Hydraulic Research, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Opening Plenary Lecture, 2nd Australasian Conference on Heat and Mass
Invited review, 2nd International Symposium on Ocean Turbulence, Liege,
Invited speaker at the Symposium on the Future of Oceanography, Woods
Hole Oceanographic Institution 50th Anniversary Celebrations, Mass.,
Invited paper at the Joint Oceanographic Assembly, Halifax, Nova Scotia,
Opening review paper at Engineering Foundation Conference on Double-Diffusive
Convection, Santa Barbara, California, USA.
Series of invited lectures as the Thermofluids Lecturer, Department
of Mechanical Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA.
Ernst Cloos Memorial Lecturer at Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences,
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.
The Royal Institution, London, England: Friday Evening Discourse on
'Models of Oceans and Volcanoes'.
Opening address at Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, University of
paper at IUTAM Symposium on 'Fluid Mechanics in the Spirit of G.I. Taylor'
Invited review at 'Pacific Rim 90' Conference, Gold Coast.
Introductory Lecture at IUTAM Conference on 'Fluid Mechanics of Stirring
and Mixing', La Jolla, California, USA.
Two invited lectures in seminar series: 'Plumes and Jets in Planetary
Systems', Oceanography Department, University of Washington, Seattle,
Opening Keynote address at Chapman Conference on Double-Diffusive Convection,
Scottsdale, Arizona, USA.
Invited Lecturer, National Summer School on Geophysical and Environmental
Fluid Dynamics, University of Cambridge, England.
Inaugural G.K. Batchelor Lecture on: 'The Influence of Laboratory Experiments
on the Development of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics', at the 12th Australasian
Fluid Mechanics Conference, University of Sydney.
Two invited lectures at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Summer School,
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Mass., USA.
Opening lecturer, Symposium on 'Dynamical Complexity in Geophysical
Fluids', IAMAS-IAPSO Assembly, Melbourne.
Invited Lecturer, Conference on Environmental Fluid Mechanics, Johns
Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.