The Egyptian new kingdom
Egypt was at its zenith, ruled by a succession of powerful pharaohs who commanded respect from the surrounding states. But tensions existed within this seemingly mighty edifice, while their enemy was gaining strength in the north. Examine the opulent pharaonic state, the international world of the period and their eventual demise.
|Paul Howles||2017 dates TBC||6-8pm||6||$||Join our mailing list|
Course outlineThe course will cover the following topics:
- Background issues – historical sources, chronology, writing systems and language.
- The origins and major features of the Egyptian New Kingdom together with a survey of the pharaohs of the XVIIIth, XIXth and XXth dynasties. Emphasis will be placed upon the imperialistic expansion of Egypt into the Near East and up the Nile into modern Sudan.
- The Amarna period, and what it may tell us about tensions that were appearing in the Egyptian state.
- Brief outlines of the other major states of the period that interacted with Egypt – the Hittite Empire, Mesopotamian powers, Mitanni and the Mycenaean Greeks. The international character of the period is high-lighted by the Amarna letters.
- The end of the Late Bronze Age – the collapse of states such as Mycenaean Greece and the Hittite Empire, the decline of Egypt, and the likely linked phenomenon of the appearance of the Sea Peoples in the eastern Mediterranean. The theories that have been proposed to account for this “disaster” are discussed.
By the end of this course, you should:
- be able to appreciate the importance of written sources in the reconstruction of history
- understand the chronology of ancient Egypt has been established
- the division of the history of ancient Egypt into three ‘kingdoms’ and intervening periods when centralised power was lacking
- the rule of the Hyksos in the Second Intermediate Period
- the major pharaohs of the New Kingdom (XVIII, XIX, XX dynasties) and their achievements
- that in the New Kingdom, Egypt expanded both south into modern Sudan and north into the Levant (Syria/Israel/Lebanon)
- the role of Akkadian as a lingua franca in the 2nd millennium BC
- of the likely turbulent times that accompanied the reign of Akhenaten (Amarna period)
- that modern molecular techniques have been used in efforts to identify mummies and reconstruct the history of the end of the XVIIIth dynasty.
- of the clash between the Egyptian New Kingdom empire and that of the Hittites
- The decline of Egypt and the arrival of the Sea Peoples
- Collapse of civilisations around 1200 BC
Who should enrol
This course is open to anyone with an interest in history.